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16.10.2020

Christiansborg Palace, Copenhagen

Christiansborg - palace in the Danish capital Copenhagen. It is located on the island of Slotsholmen, in the city center. In the castle is located several key Danish government agencies. Most of the premises are occupied by the Danish Parliament. The castle also houses the office of the Prime Minister, the Supreme Court, as well as royal premises such as reception rooms, chapel and stables.

The first castle built on Slotsholmene was Absalon Castle, built in 1167. According to Saxon Grammar, the castle was built by Bishop Absalon of Roskilde. The castle stood on the spot for about 200 years and experienced many attacks and seizures. In 1349, the castle was captured by enemies of King Waldemar IV of the Hanseatic League. The cities of the Hanseatic League sent bricklayers to destroy the castle stone by stone, and they succeeded.

The castle of Copenhagen was quickly built to replace the ruined castle of Absalon. The new castle, like the castle of his predecessor Absalon, belonged to the Bishop Roskilla, until the Danish King Erik Pomerania confiscated the rights to the castle in 1417 . Since then, the castle was inhabited by Danish rulers.

Copenhagen Castle has undergone many serious changes several times. In the 1720s, it was completely rebuilt by King Frederick IV. However, the rebuilt castle became so heavy that its foundation was shaken. Indeed, Frederick IV's successor, King Christian VI, saw fit to destroy the Copenhagen Castle and build a brand new castle in its place as soon as he came to power.

King Christian VI immediately began to build a new Christiansborg to replace the Copenhagen Castle after he came to power. The castle was designed by the architect Elias David Heusser in Baroque style. Construction of the castle was mainly completed in 1754 . However, in 1794 the castle was destroyed by a strong fire.

After the destruction of the baroque castle, the Danish royal family temporarily lived in Amalienborg Castle. In 1803 began construction of the second castle Christiansborg. It was designed by the architect KF Hansen and represented the style of the French Empire. However, when the castle was completed in 1828, King Frederick VI did not want to live in the castle, but used it only for ceremonies.

The only monarch who lived in an imperial castle was Friedrich VII, who lived in the castle from 1852 to 1863. In 1884, the castle suffered the fate of his predecessor, the Baroque castle, when it was destroyed by fire. However, the castle chapel, designed by Hansen, and several farm buildings have been preserved.

The third and present-day castle Kristiansborg was designed by Thorwald Jorgensen, who was chosen by the designer in an architectural competition. The castle was built between 1907 and 1928, after Neo-Baroque style. The castle is fully owned by the Danish state and is controlled and administered by the castle and property administration.

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