The Copenhagen Opera House (in Danish it is usually called Operaen, literally Opera) is the national opera house of Denmark and one of the most modern opera houses in the world. It is also one of the most expensive opera houses ever built, which cost more than 500 million dollars to build. It is located on Holmen Island in the center of Copenhagen.
AP Møller og Hustru Chastine McKinney Møllers Fond til almene Formaal donated the Opera House to the Danish state in August 2000. (Arnold Peter Møller (1876-1965) was a co-founder of the company, now known as Mrsk). Some politicians were offended by a private donation, partly because the full cost of the project was deducted from the tax base, which actually forced the government to buy the building; but Folketinget and the government accepted it in autumn 2000.
Architect Henning Larsen (1925-2013), engineers Ramboll and Buro Happold and consultant to Theatreplan designed the site. The acoustics was designed by Arup Acoustics and Speirs, and Major Associates designed the architectural lighting. However, the last word in the building design was left to AP Møller, adding steel to the glass facade in particular. Construction began in June 2001 and was completed on October 1, 2004. It opened on January 15, 2005 in the presence of the ship's magnate Mairsk McKinney Møller (1913-2012), the Danish Prime Minister Anders Fogh Rasmussen and Queen Margrethe II ... tenor Placido Domingo appeared at a gala concert as Sigmund in Wagner's opera "Magic" on April 7, 2006, staged by Casper Bech Holten and attended by the Queen.
The opera is located in Copenhagen, right in front of the main castle of Amalienborg, home of the Danish royal family, on the harbor bank. The Opera House is built according to Amalienborg and the Frederick Church, commonly known as the Marble Church, so standing at the main entrance of the Opera House, you can see the Marble Church above the water along the coast. A specific part of the island where the Opera was built is called Dokoen, which means Dok Island . Just a few meters west of the Opera, you can still see the old pier and pump station.
The house is run by the Royal Danish Theatre and is one of the best in the world. It has a main stage with five other directly connected stages, where you can easily move large installations. The theater can accommodate from 1492 to 1703 people, depending on the size of the orchestra. All 1492 seats are located at an individual angle to ensure maximum comfort.
The orchestra pit is one of the largest in any opera house, accommodating 110 musicians; the structure provides excellent sound quality for an orchestra. If the pit is full, some musicians are located just below the front of the stage, which is controversial for some members of the orchestra (according to the guides in 2005), because it increases the sound levels that are higher than allowed in Denmark. However, the overhang is very small, and the authorities have allowed it.
During the construction of the theater some acoustic tests were carried out with a fire curtain installed, while technical work was done on stage, but much attention was paid to the balance between the pit and the stage. If the orchestra is small or absent, the pit can be covered, and the hall can be added additional seats.
As in the old Royal Danish Theatre in Copenhagen, the Queen has her own box on the left side of the hall, closest to the stage. The foyer was designed to provide comfort based on the behavioural research of opera visitors, which maximizes the wall area to confront them, while providing an overview of the entire foyer and one of the best views of Copenhagen. The tours cover most of the building, including the auditorium and the backstage areas.
In addition to the main stage, the building has a small stage for the experimental theater, the so-called "black box" Takkelloftet . It was named after the original Takkelloftet , a building south of the Opera 280 meters long, built between 1767 and 1772 to store ropes for the Navy. In this way, the Opera keeps in touch with the maritime history of its location.
Everything on stage and in the audience area is completely black, and the seats for spectators can be easily removed to make it easier to set up the room for alternative settings. This stage has a capacity of about 200 seats. Takkelloftet has its own foyer. In this room, some walls are finished with the same limestone Jura Gelb as the outside. These stones are attached to the wall so that you can use the stone plates as a kind of musical instrument, just by tapping on them with your bare hands.