Viking Ship Museum is located on the Byugdey Peninsula in Oslo, Norway. It is part of the Museum of Cultural History at the University of Oslo and contains three Viking Age burial ships, which were found as part of archaeological finds from Tuna, Gokstad (Sandefjord), Oseberg (Tønsberg) and the cemetery of the Borre Mound .
The museum is best known for the whole ship Oseberg, excavated in the largest known ship burial in the world. Other major attractions in the Viking Ship Museum are the ship Gokstad and the Tune ship . In addition, the exposition of the Viking Age includes sledges, beds, horse cart, woodcarving, details of tents, buckets and other items for burial.
In 1913, Swedish Professor Gabriel Gustafson proposed a special building to house Viking Age finds discovered in the late 19th and early 20th centuries. The ships Gokstad and Oseberg were stored in temporary shelters at the University of Oslo. An architectural competition was held, the winner of which was Arnstein Arneberg.
Hall for the ship Oseberg was built with funds from the Norwegian Parliament, and the ship was withdrawn from the hideouts of the University in 1926. The halls for ships from Gokstad and Tuna were built in 1932. Construction of the last hall was delayed. partly because of the Second World War, and this hall was completed in 1957. It contains most of the other finds, mainly from Oseberg.
As of December 20, 2000. The University of Oslo supported the proposal by the Historical Museum to move ships and all heavy goods for the proposed new museum in Bjørvika, Oslo. This proposal has caused a lot of controversy in both museum and archaeological circles, as well as in the media. Opponents of the move have expressed concern that the ships are too fragile and that they will not survive the move without damage, while supporters argue the opposite, suggesting that the move can be made without causing serious damage to the finds.
In 2015, the Ministry allowed Statsbygg to announce a tender for the expansion of existing facilities in Budget. The winner of the architectural competition was announced on April 12, 2016, and it was the Danish company AART Architects with its proposal called "NAUST".