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23.11.2020

Magdalene Fjord, Norway

Magdalene Fjord

Magdalenefjorden is 8 km long and up to 5 km wide in the fjord between Reuschhalvøya and Hoelhalvøya, Albert I Earth, on the west coast of Spitsbergen, the largest island in the Spitsbergen archipelago. It is large enough to accommodate even the largest cruise liners, capable of even turning 180 degrees in the fjord. On the south bank of the fjord is Gullybukta Bay.

William Barents was the first who explored the Magdalene Fjord in 1596. Here he found walrus fangs, which prompted him to name the fjord Tusk Bay. The English explorer and whaler Robert Fotterby entered the fjord in 1614, claiming it was for King James I of England and calling it Maudlen sound , and a small, sheltered bay on its southern shore, Trinity Harbor . Subsequently, the British established a whaling station at Trinity Harbor, at what is now called Gravneset. Later it was handed over to the Dutch. On Gravneset, the remains of four stoves or lard stoves were found, as well as a cemetery with about 130 graves dating from the 17th to the end of the 18th century.

The Dutchman Joris Carolus (1614) was the first to name the fjord Mari mag. bay . Abraham Gus (1620) called it the Magdalene probe and Gullm Cesius (1622) called it the C probe. Mari Magdalene.


 

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