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20.03.2021

Milton Keynes Hoard

Milton Keynes The treasure is a hoard of gold bronze found in September 2000 in a field near Monkston in Milton Keynes, England. The treasure consisted of two ends, three bracelets, and a fragment of a bronze rod in a pottery vessel. The inclusion of the pottery in the find allowed it to be dated to around 1150-800 BC.

At 2,020 kilograms (4.45 pounds), the treasure has been described by the British Museum as "one of the greatest concentrations of Bronze Age gold known from Britain" and "important in providing a social and economic picture of the period." The treasure has been valued at £290,000 and is now in the British Museum.

Several other antiquities, including Romano-British hoards, have been found within 10-12 miles (16-19 km) of downtown Milton Keynes.

On July 7, 2000, Michael Rutland and Gordon Heritage were searching for metals in what is now Monxton Park in Milton Keynes, at the invitation of local archaeologists who were closing a dig nearby when they discovered the treasure. They immediately informed the archaeologists (Brian Giggins, Paul and Charmian Woodfield), an action that was later called mandatory to preserve the historical context of the find. Haley Bullock of the British Museum was also praised for her quick action to preserve the monument and expedite the excavation. In metal prospectors, those who discovered the treasure were rewarded 60% of the cost after authorities decided that landowners' claims that the prospectors were searching without permission were unfounded.

The treasure as a whole consists of two large gold ends, three smaller gold bracelets, a bronze rod or wire fragment, and an unadorned bowl of post-Deverell-Rimbury style fine ware with brown ceramic cloth 100 mm (3.9 inches) high.

The heaviest item (see Specifications below, item 1) weighed 626.9 g (22.11 ounces); the second torso and bracelet (items 2 and 4, respectively), after X-ray fluorescence analysis at the British Museum, contained the highest amount of gold, 85% each.

The total weight is 2,020 kg (4.45 pounds), and the British Museum described it as "one of the largest accumulations of Bronze Age gold known in Britain and appears to show richness."

The timely reporting of the hoard by searchers provided "some connection between the gold hoard and the pottery of the British Middle and Late Bronze Age (circa 1500-800 B.C.). However, the inclusion of the pottery in the find confirms and possibly clarifies the dating of the hoard. In addition, the British Museum stated, "This find provides an invaluable link between the types of gold and the broader social and economic picture of Bronze Age Britain."

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