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Christianization of Sweden and Greenland
06.02.2020
Christianization of Sweden and Greenland
Sweden The historical record is unfortunately quiet on when and how the conversion of Sweden occurred. Paganism held out there for an especially long time compared to the rest of Scandinavia, but by the twelfth century, the country was mostly Christian. According to the...
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Christianization of Iceland
06.02.2020
Christianization of Iceland
Since Iceland was first settled at a time when the Norse were already beginning to convert to Christianity, Iceland was a partially Christian society from the beginning. This was especially the case since many of the early settlers came from Viking colonies in Celtic lands, where most...
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Christianization of Norway
06.02.2020
Christianization of Norway
By the tenth century, there was already a significant Christian presence in Norway. Some of the chieftains who ruled parts of the country were Christian, as were some of their followers. There was even a bishop in Norway from the 960s onward. During this period, there were no kings...
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Christianization of Denmark
06.02.2020
Christianization of Denmark
According to the traditional narrative of Denmark’s conversion, Christianization was first and foremost the work of a man named Ansgar (or Anskar), the first archbishop of Hamburg-Bremen in Germany. Ansgar was credited with having converted Denmark, starting with the king. Along...
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The vikings conversion to christianity
06.02.2020
The vikings conversion to christianity
The traditional tales of the Vikings’ conversion to Christianity are sleek dramas full of zealous missionary saints, kings, and clerics who Christianize entire populations in a few heroic actions that are hardly short of miracles. As is the case with most medieval hagiography (a...
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The viking
05.02.2020
The viking's selfish individualism
There’s a common Romantic image of the Vikings fighting their wars for the collective well-being of their nations and homelands, putting tribal loyalty above self-interest. That image could hardly be further from the historical reality. The Vikings weren’t dutiful...
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Outlawry in the viking age
05.02.2020
Outlawry in the viking age
In the Viking Age and for centuries thereafter in Scandinavia and Iceland, fearsome creatures lurked in the forests, moors, and mountains. Anyone who happened to encounter them would say that they looked perfectly human, but the local villagers would instead insist that these...
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Viking Jewelry
05.02.2020
Viking Jewelry
Brooches were the main means of holding clothing in place. As such, their main function was a practical one, but their design kept up with the fashions of the Viking Age as well. During the ninth and tenth centuries, the shape of the brooches was typically that of an oval dome. The...
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Viking Clothes
05.02.2020
Viking Clothes
Since the materials from which clothes are made decay easily in the soil, the archaeological record has unfortunately been unable to provide us with even a single example of a complete Viking garment. Thankfully, however, enough fragments survive that, when considered alongside the...
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Viking food and drink
04.02.2020
Viking food and drink
Viking Drinks The main Viking alcoholic beverages were mead and beer. Like all meads, Viking mead was made from honey. The beer was ale made from barley, with hops sometimes being added for flavor. The only other alcoholic beverage the Vikings made themselves was fruit wine,...
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