Malmö Castle is a fortress located in Malmö, Skania, Sweden. It is owned by the Swedish state and managed by the State Property Agency. Malmöhus is part of the Malmö Museum.
The first castle was founded in 1434 by King Erik of Pomerania. This structure was part of the Historical fortress, which was one of the most important strongholds in Denmark.
For five years (1568-1573) the castle was in the prison of James Hepburn, 4th Earl of Bowell, third husband of Mary, Queen of Scotland. The Earl was taken into custody by the Protestant Danish King Frederick II when his ship ran aground in Bergen, Norway, during a storm. He was sent to Malmö Castle to be imprisoned, though he had previously been released from the Tower of London for lack of evidence of the murder of Mary's second husband, Henry Stuart, Lord Darnley. As a bachelor, Frederick II looked after Elizabeth I of England and was made a knight of the Garter. Some sources suggest a second reason for the Danish king's involvement; he is thought to have hoped to collect a ransom from Scotland. However, Earl Boswell died in 1578 at Dragsholm Castle (Zealand), where he was moved after the first five years in Danish captivity, and was never the subject of Danish-Scottish negotiations for his release.