The Ystad is considered the most extensive and best-preserved half-timbered building in the country. One of the best examples is the old Per Hälsa commercial farm, which consists of a whole block of half wood from the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries.
The irregular shape of the area is due to the fact that in its eastern part it follows the old town ramparts, the border of the medieval centre of Eastad. The farm was named after Per Hansson, owner of the farm during most of the first half of the 20th century. He was popularly called Per Hälsa when he ran a soft drinks factory called "Helsan" in his yard. The memorial plaque is installed in one of the passageways of the courtyard and in the text "Preservation of the noble buildings of our ancestors 1901-1942". Pera Hansson" describes his efforts in establishing the farm.
A trading farm with roots in the 17th century
There are details of buildings in the surrounding area in the 17th century. The oldest length is in the northeastern quarter and has been considered since the late 17th century. The other eight lengths of the farm were built in the 18th and 19th centuries. When the Commercial Council Gustav Bergman owned the farm in the 1830s, several reconstructions and new buildings were made, which largely gave the farm the look it has today. The length is traditionally built in half wood and mainly in two floors. The main building towards Stora Östergatan has yellow, polished fillings, while the length is in other respects related to the tradition of red brick fillings that characterize much of the old-fashioned urban settlement in Skåne. A typical feature is also the so-called overcrowding at the top, where the upper floor sharply extends above the ground floor. Steep tiled saddle roofs in various red tones, cool courtyard aisles, narrow driveways and cobbled courtyard enhance the impression of an old-fashioned trading yard. In addition to the usual functions of commercial farms such as housing, warehouses, stables, wooden houses and breweries, several houses have been used to store grain. The house in the far south is different from other houses and is built of stone with a yellow facade. There is information that a windmill was built. The house in the far south is different from other houses and was built of stone with a yellow facade. There is information that a windmill was built. The house in the far south is different from other houses and was built of stone with a yellow facade. There is information that a windmill was built.
It was renovated in the 1940s and 1970s.
In 1942, the city of Istad bought a farm, and during the following year various maintenance and reconstruction works were carried out. They were carried out under the supervision of city architect Rune Velin. He was also responsible for major renovations between 1971 and 1972, which were aimed at preparing the premises for municipal administrations. Over time, the interior was adapted for housing, shops, restaurants and cafes, galleries and studios. Internal changes, inter alia in floor plans, have led to difficulties in reading the various housing bodies today. The interiors are characterised in many ways by modern materials and room layouts.
You can read more about Skåne cities in the county's cultural environment program.
Motives for explaining the building's memory
Per Hälsa has extremely high cultural and historical values associated with it:
that the yard represents an entire quarter built of half a day's worth.
that the farm, through its many houses, tells the story of old-fashioned commercial farms, where each house had a specific function.
that the farm is an important part of the Ystad urban environment. You can read this because of the irregular shape of the medieval city centre and its streets.
that the exteriors of the buildings are good examples of 17th, 18th and 19th century building conditions in transverse wood.
that old building details have been preserved, e.g. in attic roofs, bricks and dormer windows. That several old floor plans and parts of old masonry have been preserved.